12:12 pm in army paratroopers, atlantic treaty organization, defense doctrine, Editorials, Featured, Foreign Affairs, legal mechanisms, military doctrine, military influence, north atlantic treaty organization, regional conflicts, scale warfare, spotlight, violent solutions by Vassilios Damiras
Russia still spends huge amount in defense issues. On February 5, 2010, the then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed the new defense doctrine, which established brand new guidelines for defense and security matters. The new Military Doctrine vividly explains the threat environment that the Russian Federation (RF) is facing in the twenty-first century. Furthermore, it explains that Russia is not threatened by an imminent global war. The main concern is asymmetrical threats. It declares also that the Russian Federation has military, diplomatic, international-legal, information, economic and other means at its disposal to meet its strategic objectives. Moreover it states:
In the new Military Doctrine, world development today is characterized by the weakening of ideological confrontation; the reduction in the level of economic, political, and military influence of certain individual states and alliances; and the military influence of certain individual states and alliances; and the rising influence of other states that seek all-embracing domination; multipolarity; and globalization of various process.
Many regional conflicts remain unresolved. The tendencies toward violent solutions of these conflicts, including those bordering the Russian Federation, remains. The existing structure (system) of international security, including international legal mechanisms does not provide for the equal security of all states.
However, in spite of the lowering of the probability of the unleashing against the Russian Federation of large scale warfare with the employment of conventional means and nuclear weapons, in a number of directions military dangers to the Russian Federation have increased.
The new Military Doctrine lists both external and internal threats. In external issues Russia views with suspicion the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Nonetheless, allows some collaboration on asymmetrical threats. In May 2012, twenty-two Russian army paratroopers came to the State of Colorado for two weeks military training with the 10th Special Forces Group at Fort Carson, a military base outside Colorado Springs. The training was very successful. Russian plays the good and bad cop regarding NATO and the United States. The Russian administration tries to balance a sensitive relation with both entities to benefit Russian national interest.
The new Military Doctrine does not introduce preemptive strikes but speaks utilizing nuclear weapons as deterrence. In addition, it introduces the improvement of collaboration among branches of Armed Forces, combat arms of troops (forces), and other troops. It ensures the integration and coordinated development of various systems of technical logistical and other forms of support for the Russian Armed Forces and new ways of military training and education.
Also, Russia wants to have a strong naval presence across the globe. This desire originates since the epoch that Romanovs ruled Russia. In the course of history Russia and the Soviet Union tried three times to create a powerful blue water naval force-before First World War, in the late 1930s before Second World War, and during the second half of the Cold War Period (from the 1960s until the late 1980s). In each and every case the plans were abandoned, because in the end were not crucial or viable for the existence of the Russian defense. Currently, Russia wants to have a naval presence in the Middle East and in the eastern Mediterranean Sea to monitor the evolution of the Arab Spring revolt and the maritime developments regarding natural gas exploration between Greece, Cyprus and Israel.
On internal security issues, the new Military Doctrine gives more power and new ways to the Russian government to use the military and fight asymmetrical threats inside Russia. Since 1991, Russia fights the Chechen separatists. President Vladimir Putin was successful to install a pro-Russian government in Chechnya. Moreover, Moscow has decisively disabled the Chechen rebel/separatist movement, although sporadic terrorist activity still appears in Northern Caucasus. Thus, the Russian civil and military leaders want to adopt new ways and techniques to fight terrorism. The ethnic threat from Chechnya is extremely serious and President Putin wants to deal in a decisively manner.
Russia under the new Military Doctrine wants to appear a major player in the global arena. As the historical evidences clearly indicate Russian military concerns are not new but originate since the era of the Romanov dynasty. Lately, President Putin uses the Orthodox religion as an instrument to unite under the Russian flag all the Orthodox Balkan populations. The future will show Russian military position in the globe.